In friulano Dartigne
Placed on the left side of the vast Tagliamento vale, right between the southern slopes of mount Cuaman and the western slopes of mount Feeit, Artegna takes a “heart shaped figure”, as Baldissera wrote in the early ‘900. It’s origns are ancient: both substancial celtic settlements and roman trade hubs were found here. Near the town center, it is possible to visit the Parco delle Rose (Rose Park) with its extraordinary all-year blooming. Passion and histoy alike are fundamental parts of the enogastronomic tradition too, especially norcina, recgnizable for the remarkable and “timeless” taste of its products, celebrated in late November with the traditional Festa del Maiale (Pork Fair) that takes place all around town and involves the whole community.
AURAVA (San Giorgio della Richinvelda)
In friulano Davian
An ancient town placed on the hills in the middle west of the province, that is supposed to have been inhabited ever since pre-historic times, based on the stone works found in the area. The name, whose first iteration is found in a XII century document, might come from the latin words avidius, avilius or avienus. Between XIV and XX century, the works of the Aviano stonecutters was widely recognized both in Italy and abroad, and they were organized in unions all around the area. In the town of Piancavallo, Aviano has also implemented its toutistic appeal thanks to winter sports
In sloveno Koper
A town with a history that goes far back in time, a seaport and trade hub for the vast inland, were the austirian-infused venetian style architecture is still preserved. The Folkest events take place in Piazza Carpaccio, where one can find Casa Carpaccio too, a gothic building dating back to the XV century, that was home to the venetian painter Benedetto Carpaccio, son of the revered Vittore; both have left a rich artistic legacy to the town. Right in the middle of the square, the Colonna di Santa Giustina is found, built in memory of the help the townsfolk lended during the victorious battle of Lepanto against the Turks in 1571. The sight to the sea is partially occluded by the Taverna, an old venetian warehouse originally used as a salt storage By the Venetian Republic and currently used as a multi-purpose event center. Cultual activities prosper in Capodistria, promoted both by the the slovenian and italian communities, namely the Comunità autogestita degli Italiani,,highly regarded for the high level of events it offered in recent years.
In friulano Cjassà
Both the geografic and orografic placement of Cassacco were decisive factors in the settling of ancient inhabitants. The roman Via Julia one of the most important liesons between the Adriatic and the central Danube area, was fairly close. The Cassacco Castel was was a fort, a key piece of the defensive system of the vale that was never besieged nor destroyed thoughout its history. Some of its main features are the two mighty towers connected by a lower building; the place is reached via a evocative hillside path that ends near the Chiesa dell’Assunta, outside of the castle walls. Villa Gallici Deciani is also worth mentioning, built inbetween the XVII and the XVIII century. It is a manor house, with a great staircase and balaustrade, guestrooms, a small tower and a chapel, a small colannade and some labourer’s cottages. After the 1976 earthquake productive and commercial enterprises were etablished, also through the re-purposing of industrial structures.
CASTIONS DI ZOPPOLA (Zoppola)
In friulano Cjasteons
A couple kilometers from Zoppola, there’s Castions. The old Cusano castle, which disappeared even though the name is still present, was built by the homonymous House on behalf of the Concordia Bishop during the second half of the XIII century; it was then owned by the Prampero House, the Gubertini House and in the end by the Formentini House; a great moat (the Fiume river), the toll bridges, the walls and the village, San Leonardo (st. Leonard’s) church an the mill were all distinctive features of the old town. Few places have endured such a profound alteration during just a few decades as Castions did, since the town’s old layout, that had stayed the same untill the early XIX century, is currently unrecognizable.
Located on the eastern side of the town of Mortegliano, the hamlet of Chiasiellis has a population of about five- hundred people. The name of the hamlet comes from a Friulian word that means “boxes” and described the small houses belonging to farmers and shepherds. Chiasiellis was first mentioned as a possession of St. Mary of Aquileia' nuns. There are two important sites to be mentioned: the church of Santa Maria Annunziata and the “Friuli Golf Club”, on the southern part of the city. Furthermore, Chiasiellis is home to the women's Chiasiellis Calcio football club that made it to the Serie A finals.
DOMANINS (San Giorgio della Richinvelda)
In friulano Domanins
The erliest documentary evidence proving the existence of the village of Castions dates back to 1123, when St. Paul in Levanttal abbey inherited some lands belonging to “villa Dominik” from duke Henry IV of Karnten. The Villa Spilimbergo-Spanio is a pictoresque building, originally an old fort that was turned into a palace after the XVII century. Worth noting is the family chapel dedicated to saint Eurosia, patron saint of the countryside. Many associations keep the cultural life of the town from dying out by overseeing many events such as the Festa del Donatore (Donor’s Fair) and the Sagra di San Michele Arcangelo (st Michale’s Fair).
In friulano Flum
The town is located in the southern part of the province, and probably dates back to the middle ages; through the years industrial enterprises rose alongside agricolture. It used to be split in two parts, the northern was uder the rule of the Pordenone austrian capitain, while the rest belonged to the Santa Maria in Sylvs benedictine abbey of Sesto al Reghena; the place name, first documented in the XII century, comes from the Fiume river flowing through it. For its productve and industrial enterprises, the town is made rather frantic by the substancial presence of working class labourers.
In friulano Flaiban
The commune is placed in the middle Friuli, on the higher corner of the Friulana plain. The main waterway, the Tagliamento river, is the western border of the cmmune, and its banks are part of the Tagliamento reserve.
Various roman –time relics remain, mostly villas and storages. The name comes from the latin Flevienus, a roman citizen who settled the place right after the birth of the town of Aquileia. Many buildings all around the commune are artistically relevant and some of them still retain exemplar works from influential painters and lapicides. Villa Marangoni Masolini in San Odorico, built close to the gravelly banks of the Tagliamento, is also worth mentioning, It once was a benedictine monastery that managed the abbey and the ford, and collecteded the toll.
Gorizia lies in the point where two important ways of communication that bind the Orient and the Western parts of the world meet. These two ways are called Isonzo Valley and Vipacco Valley. The Isonzo River flows near the city of Gorizia. Gorizia faces on the isontina plain, surrounded by the Collio's hills. These hills are famous beause of the fine wine production. The famous painter Max Klinger described Gorizia as a marvellous gateway to Italy. While walking through the town, tourists can breathe a unique atmosphere due to the peculiar meeting of several traditions.
Gorizia is the center of the most important european cultures: Latin, Slavic and Germanic that contribute to enrich the aspects of the local traditions.
MALNISIO (Montereale Valcellina)
Situated in the final part of the Pordenonese Padana plain, in between the Cellina river, the Fara and the Spia mountains, although its small dimensions, Montreale Valcellina bears old origins. Malnisio is an hamlet that belongs to Montreale, in the province of Pordenone. In Malnisio findings dating back to the Bronze Age and to the first early Iron Age were found. They concretize the fact that the human settlement has been existing since the XIV century BC. Furthermore, several findings dating back to the Imperial and late-Roman Age put under the spotlight the entire area.
OSPEDALETTO (Gemona del Friuli)
In friulano Ospedalêt
Hamlet of the medieval city whose ancient original center was established near the slopes of mount Glemina, mount Cjampon an mount Cuaman. The most important part of the town is the Chiesetta di Ognissanti (Ognissanti Chapel): the frescos were made visible only after the earthquake and date back to the XIV and XV century. The Ospedale di Santo Spirito (Holy Ghost’s hospital, originally named Ospedale di Santa Maria dei Colli or Holy Mary’s Hill Hospital after its position) was built in the XIII century for the man wayfarers and it was modified numerous times through the years. In late medieval times, Ospedaletto was well known for its mills, whose activity revolved around the Ospedale di Santo Spirito. Of the nine mills that once were, only Mulino Cocconi (Cocconi mill) is still preserved, and it is the seat of the Eco Museo delle Acque di Gemona (Eco-museum of the Gemona waters)
In friulano Paparian
Papariano was recognized as a hamlet of the Fiumicello commune only in 1937, after the blessing of the fist building stone of the Maria S.S. Regina church. The simple and intimate building was made possible by the will of two tenacious parish priests and the conjoined economic effort and the labour of the whole Papariano community, that had lacked a place of worship ever since the Andriani family chapel was shut down by Giuseppe II. Fiumicello, originally a farmer’s village under the rule of the roman town Aquileia, is named after the latin word “flumen” and its existance is documented as far back as 1174, when it appeared in a bill as Flumisèl. Its history is bound to Aquileia, since both of them endured the raunsackings of the Huns, the Visigoths, the Ostrogoths, the Pannonian Avars and the Longobards, and both of them faced the advent of Christendom and the founding of the patriarchal power.
In friulano Pasarian
Passariano, near Codroipo, is famous for the presence of the stunning Villa Manin, a grand and harmonious complex built by the powerful Manin House between the XVII and the XVIII century. It is truly one of the more prestigious palaces in Friuli Venezia Giulia. It was the residence of the last Doge of Venice, and it later became the headquarter of Napoleon Bonaparte, who lived there for a couple of months: the Campoformido Treaty between Napoleon an Austria was signed here in 1797. The french style park is rich both in rare botanic specimens and pictoresque foreshortenings: lakes, hills and sculpures inspired by classic mytology. Today, both important art exhibitions andevents with a more international appeal take place in Villa Manin.
Pinzano al Tagliamento is located in the middle- valley of the Tagliamento River. On the western side of the town, we can find the Cosa valley, while on the north-eastern side we can see the Arzino valley. The Geographical area of Pinzano is an example of the beauty of nature that characterizes Friuli. Pinzano is mainly famous because of the bridge that offers a breathtaking view on the Tagliamento river. The bridge was destroyed by the Italians during the route after the Caporetto defeat in World War I and rebuilt after the end of the war.
Pinzano was deeply and sadly affected by the Earthquake that occurred in 1976. Following the successful renovation of the buildings and the art pieces, the commune earn the gold medal for the civil effort.
In Venetian Porcia
Charming town that has retained an almost intact historic core, with some high-interest elements, as well as an enviable natural heritage related to water. In the area, there are numerous prehistoric settlements of the Bronze Age and Iron Age, especially Santa Rufina di Palse, where it has been recently discovered a paleo Venetian village. The castle, documented since the 11th century (the oldest in the whole Friuli), since then was the residence of the Porcia and Brugnera family. Next to it sExquisite small town that managed to retain an almost perfectly preserved historical town center, Porcia has numerous interesting spots and an enviable naturalistic patrmony, mostly regarding water. There were many prehistoric settlements in the area, during the Bronze and Iron Ages, mainly Santa Rufina di Palse, where a paleo venetian village was recently discovered. The castle dates back to the XI century (the oldest in Friuli), and has ever since been the residence of the Porcia and Brugnera Houses. Theneo-gothic parish of San Giorgio (st. George) is fairly close, with an odd belltower that dates back to 1488 and was made to emulate St Mark’s but whose construction was forcedly stopped at only 44 metres. In the eastern suburbs of the town, a place called Rorai Picolo, the villa Correr-Dolfin (XVII century) can be seen, in its most notable location.tands the neo-Gothic parish church of St. George with its unique bell tower dating 1488, created as a copy of the St. Marc’s bell tower in Venice, but forcibly stopped at 44 m. In the eastern suburbs, at Rorai Piccolo, stands the spectacular Villa Correr-Dolfin (17th century), situated in a magnificent environment.
Situated on the side of the Noncello river, Pordenone is the main city of the western side of Friuli. The commune is an example of a living reality that is deeply bound to its past, characterized by evocative buildings, frescos and monuments that bring life to the center. On the other hand, Pordenone is a dynamic town ready to be challenged by the present and future issues.
The history of Pordenone , called “Portus Naonis” in Latin, is still affected by the Noncello river that for many years has been navigable, encouraging the economic and cultural development of the city.
The architectural, artistic, musical and literary productions seem to be dynamic and full of creativity.
Pordenone is known as an hypnotizing historical centre that allows tourists to be captivated by the elegance of the painted palaces, porches and frescos. Pordenone is the place where the most important painter of Friuli, Giovanni Antonio de' Sacchis, was born.
POZZUOLO DEL FRIULI
The name of the town comes from the Latin word “jutens” that refers to a well built in Pozzuolo by Julius Caesar will. Furthermore, the name of the city is bound to the heroic deeds of the warriors during the last world conflicts: the cavalry of Genoa, spearers of Novara and the epos of the mountaineers in the Russian campaign.
An important site worth noting is the historical museum of the hamlet of Cargnacco, located in the former church of Cargnacco. It preserves witnesses of the dramatic Russian campaign occurred in the World War II and hosts several types of findings regarding the military deeds, the battles, the imprisonments and the repatriation of the corpses.
POZZO (San Giorgio della Richinvelda)
Pozzo is a hamlet in the S. Giorgio della Richinvelda commune, an uncontaminated natural territory stuck between the Tagliamento river to the east and the Meduna river to the west. One of the most important places of worship in the region, the “Richinvelda” where the then patriarch Bertrando di Aquileia was murdered, is inside the commune's borders. The Museo della Civiltà Contadina (Agricoltural Civilization museum) is in Pozzo, there a collection of old agricoltural implements is preserved. The commune is known as the “Radici del Vino” (wine's roots) territory for the production of both grapevine and wine. Many farms and wine bars in the area offer samplings and hospitality.
Prato Carnico is the main town of the Val Pesarina (Pesarina Vale) area, and typical houses that sometimes share a resemblance with venetian palaces, since the Venetian Republic used to collect timber from the area for its shipyards, are common in both the town and the surrounding hamlets. The roofs are tiled with a unique kind of flat terracotta roof tilings shaped like the small wooden bits that are commonly used to tile roofs in the mountains, here called “las planelas”. Pesariis is the most notable village, known for the skill of its watchmakers since the XVII century. Truia is just a small hike away from Stavioli Orias, one of the most fascinating places in Val Pesarina: here, more than a dozen of ancient farmsteads that used to serve as kettle shelter are still present.
REDONA (Tramonti di Sopra)
Redona is part of the Tramonti di Sopra commune, in the Pordenone province. The place is famous because of its position, near the Tramonti Lake, also known as the Redona lake, an artificial lake in Val Tramontina. During times of drought, the ruins of the old village of Movada emerge. An incredible sight that one can behold only during the most dry and hot summers. The stone houses were floded by the Meduna stream after the completion of a dam near Ponte Racli in the early '50s . The water completely submerged three local communities: Movada, Flour and the old town of Redona.
Romans is a commune in the eastern province of Gorizia in Friuli, located near the confluence of three rivers: Versa, Judrio and Torre. Its territory includes the hamlets of Versa and Fratta too. The first evidence of existing settlements in the area regard a particular kind of pre-historic fortification called “castelliere”. Traces of roman rural settlements have been found, but the most important historical presence in the area was longobard, as indicated by one of the biggest longobard necropoleis in northern Italy. The Civico Museo Archeologico (archeologic civic museum) in Romans and the Parco Didattico Archeologico (acheologic didactic park) about the necropolis can be visited. In May a reenactement event (Romans langobardorum) takes place in Romans. Also notable are the Fiera di Santa Elisabetta (Saint Elizabeth's Fair) and the Sagre dal Dindiat, a fair where people compete about the weight of their giant turkeys. The Carnival in Romans is worth noting too, since it comprises a parade with carnival floats and masquerades.
SAN DANIELE del Friuli
In Friulian San Denêl
The center of San Daniele del Friuli was built upon the Colle Massimo hill that, near mount Ragogna, marks the western limit of the morainic anphitheatre the glaciers created during the Quaternary age. The city sits in a sweet landscape that stretches from delightful hills to lakes and rivers. The climate is warm all year round, and the land is fit for the ageing of the prosciutto (ham), this makes San Daniele a perfect destination for tourists. The San Michele Arcangelo (St. Michael’s) cathedral was designed by Domenico Rossi and built near the town square. The belltower , unfinished, was designed in 1531 by Giovanni da Udine. The ancient town hall is located to the right, with a porch that sits on la low arcade and a tri-mullioned window facing the square. The building is the seat of the town archive and the important Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana (Guarneriana Civic Library). The Madonna dell Fratta church is also worth a visit: it was built in 1350 in a gothic style and finished in 1469, when the stone facade was added.
SAN GIOVANNI D'ANTRO
By the name of San Giovanni d’Antro, a church and a cave can be identified. The church was built inside the cave and both the attractions are located in Pulfero, in the province of Udine. The cave opens into the Mladesiena mountain’s face. While entering the cave, two porches can be identifiend: one is bound to drain the water coming from the inner part of the cave, while the second one was built to facilitate the construction of a gallery that leads to the worship area, located in the upper part of the vaults.
Remains of jupper jaws, tooth, vertebrae, pieces of pottery belonging to the pre-romanic and romanic ages and mettallic pieces belonging to the Medieval Age were found inside the cave.
The place of worship is composed by a church, a chapel, a presbytery, a sacristy and a loggia.
SANTO STEFANO DI BUJA
In Friulian Buje - San Stiefin
Placed amid the mountains (mount Zus, Urbignacco, Ponzale, Baldo, Meeanet, Pravia) and with many rivers flowing through it, Buja is just like a “little eden”, as Angelo Menegazzi called it in his 1894 work “Ricordi e note d’un villeggiante”. The word “Buja” comes from Buca, Buga or Boga, and the name was given after the depression near Sottocostoia called Pidicuel, Today the commune territory is devided between fourty-nine villages and hamlets, but none of them is actually called “Buja”. Still, Buja claims the title of “Città d’Arte della Medaglia” , since many engravers born in the commune were between the most important of their time.
In Friulian Spilinberc
The small town near Pordenone was made of capital importance in the music scene by the presence of Folkest, but was also the birthplace of neo-realist photography and the famous mosaic school, where new talents are born every year. The town and many of the hamlets are dotted with monuments. The catheral, a rare example of gothic architecture from Friuli, is rich in both paintings and sculptures, and the nearby castle that belonged to the dukes of Spilimbergo deserves adequate attention too, as Corso Roma does: a boulevard that runs through the ancient gate of the castle walls with its two towers. The San Giovanni Battista church and its realistic crucifiction scenes, the San Giuseppe and San Pantaleone churches, the San Antonio Abate church in Barbeno, the parish in Tauriano with St Cristopher painted on the facade, the parish in Baseglia with frescos by Amalteo and the sculptures by Pilacorte in the Gaio church make Spilimbergo une of the artistically richest communes in Friuli. Heavily industrialized after World War Two,it is now the reference point for a wide area on the right bank of the Tagliamento.
In Friulian Talmassons
Talmassons has been an established agricoltural and manifacturing center for a long time, and is situated on the right bank of the Cormor stream, in an area called Risogive dello Stella. In this area, especially Biotopo di Flembro, vast marshlands survived the reclamations and the following damages to the natural habitats that took place in the plains in Friuli throughout the last century. These marshlands are now recognized as sites of communitary interest,since they are the most vast running water vegetation complex in Friuli Venezia-Giulia and one of the few natural lacustrine environments in the Padano-Veneta plain area. The area near this natural patrimony is rich in sites of both historical and artistic importance, for example roman and early-medieval archeological sites, churches and votive icons symbolize the religious history of the area, villas and manor haouses from the XVIII and XIX are found alongside typicall rural villages. Villa Savorgnan in Flambro is one of the oldest historical palaces in the middle Friuli, and with Villa Mangilli in Flumignano is a place of evocative beauty worth noting.
In Friulian Tumieç
The first settlement in the area likely dates back to the roman imperial age, but the name didn’t appear in official documents untill around the X century, toghether with other northern villags and towns . Tolmezzo became an important trading and administrative hub in 1356, when the Aquileia patriarch Nicolò of Luxemburg, on the 23rd of January, conceded the priviledge of forming an united jusdiction to the area, thus creating the Carnia province and making Tolmezzo its capital city, managed by a patriarchal representative and the judges of Tolmezzo. Between 1797 and 1805, after the Napoleonic invasion, Carnia and what at the time was called the Kingdom of Veneto were part of theAusto-Hungarian Empire, only to get back under napoleonic rule after the victory at Austerlitz, when they were incorporated to the french-ruled Kingdom of Italy. After the fall of Napoleon , Carnia became a part of the Lombard-Venetian state, a vassal of Austria, and was re-annexed to the Kingdom of Italy after a plebiscite following the Third War of Independence.
TRAMONTI DI SOTTO
Tramonti di Sotto is a town located in the province of Pordenone. The commune recieved important awards.
Tramonti di Sotto was completely destroyed by the earthquake that occured in 1976 and because of the succesful outcomes of the renovation, it earned the Gold Medal for the civil effort.
Furthermore, ARPA local authority recognized an award to the town fot the excellent condition of the water. The most important prize is the one for the wonderful landscapes, the richness of culture and the local traditions.
In Friulian Travês
The modern day Travesio commune is made up by two distinct entities, once separated and with different histories: Travesio and Toppo. The area of Travesio is famous for the production of a fine cheese called Montsio. Both textile and cement factories are important and offer substancial future economic possibilities. In ancient times, Pieve di San Pietro (St Peter’s parish), one of the biggest of the whole Concordia diocese , stretched its spiritual jurisdiction from the Tagliamento to the Meduna river, and from the mountains to the parish of San Giorgio della Richinvelda (st. George). The activiry of this church kickstarted all the others in the area, the one in Spilimbergo too, that managed to restore its spiritual legacy centuries later.
In Friulian Udin
Historically the capital city of Friuli, Udine offers to Folkest one of its best frames: the patriarchal castle where the Hall of the Friuli Parliament (probabliy one of the first proofs of democratc life in Europe) is still preserved and adorned by one of the most famous Tiepolo paintings. The church of St Mary (VII century) and the Casa della Contadinanza (peasants’ hall), a 1931 reconstitution of a XV century bulding where the peasants held meetings, where both built on the same hill as the castle was.
The place that used to be called called Piazza San Giacomo (St Jack’s Square) or Piazza delle Erbe (Herb’s Square) , now called Piazza Giacomo Matteotti , was a trading hub of pivetal importance to the townsfolk, and in recent times underwent a meticulous renovation both of the paving and the fountain by Giovanni da Udine. In Udine, many works of interest by Tiepolo can be found, from the Palazzo Partiarcale (Patriarch’s Palace) to the Cappella della Purità (Chapel of Purity). The beautiful Piazza Libertà (Liberty Square), together with the fifteenth century Loggia del Lionello, the sixteenth century Loggia di San Giovanni and the Belltower by Giovanni da Udine is thought to be one of the most iconic examples of venetian architecture right after San Marco in Venice. The building of Santa Maria Annunziata cathedral, residence of the last patriarchs from Aquileia, started in 1236 where another place of warship already was, and was decoreted with altarpieces and frescos by Gian Battista Tiepolo.