In Friulian Aquilee
Roman colony founded in 181 aC, was the capital of the X Augustan region and metropolis of the Christian church. Together with Ravenna and Brescia it is the most important archaeological site in northern Italy, and with Cividale del Friuli and Udine it has been one of the historical capitals of Friuli, whose iconic image derives from the emblem of Aquileia.The village developed around the patriarchal basilica for a radius of about a kilometer, including the remains of the ancient Roman city, and crossed by the river Natissa. The southern part of the municipal territory, behind the Grado lagoon, is instead constituted by cultivated territory (deriving from reclamation) or small patches of plain woodland. The hamlet of Belvedere, facing the lagoon, hosts two typical examples of pine woods.
In friulano Dartigne
Placed on the left side of the vast Tagliamento vale, right between the southern slopes of mount Cuaman and the western slopes of mount Feeit, Artegna takes a “heart shaped figure”, as Baldissera wrote in the early ‘900. It’s origns are ancient: both substancial celtic settlements and roman trade hubs were found here. Near the town center, it is possible to visit the Parco delle Rose (Rose Park) with its extraordinary all-year blooming. Passion and histoy alike are fundamental parts of the enogastronomic tradition too, especially norcina, recgnizable for the remarkable and “timeless” taste of its products, celebrated in late November with the traditional Festa del Maiale (Pork Fair) that takes place all around town and involves the whole community.
In sloveno Koper
A town with a history that goes far back in time, a seaport and trade hub for the vast inland, were the austirian-infused venetian style architecture is still preserved. The Folkest events take place in Piazza Carpaccio, where one can find Casa Carpaccio too, a gothic building dating back to the XV century, that was home to the venetian painter Benedetto Carpaccio, son of the revered Vittore; both have left a rich artistic legacy to the town. Right in the middle of the square, the Colonna di Santa Giustina is found, built in memory of the help the townsfolk lended during the victorious battle of Lepanto against the Turks in 1571. The sight to the sea is partially occluded by the Taverna, an old venetian warehouse originally used as a salt storage By the Venetian Republic and currently used as a multi-purpose event center. Cultual activities prosper in Capodistria, promoted both by the the slovenian and italian communities, namely the Comunità autogestita degli Italiani,,highly regarded for the high level of events it offered in recent years.
In friulano Cjassà
Both the geografic and orografic placement of Cassacco were decisive factors in the settling of ancient inhabitants. The roman Via Julia one of the most important liesons between the Adriatic and the central Danube area, was fairly close. The Cassacco Castel was was a fort, a key piece of the defensive system of the vale that was never besieged nor destroyed thoughout its history. Some of its main features are the two mighty towers connected by a lower building; the place is reached via a evocative hillside path that ends near the Chiesa dell’Assunta, outside of the castle walls. Villa Gallici Deciani is also worth mentioning, built inbetween the XVII and the XVIII century. It is a manor house, with a great staircase and balaustrade, guestrooms, a small tower and a chapel, a small colannade and some labourer’s cottages. After the 1976 earthquake productive and commercial enterprises were etablished, also through the re-purposing of industrial structures.
In friulano Çurçuvint
Cercivento rises at the confluence of Valcalda with the But Valley. It is divided into the inhabited areas of Cercivento di Sotto and Cercivento di Sopra and in the towns of Vidal, Cjandelin and Costa. It was a Longobard presidium and the site of a ”parish church”. Between the end of the sixteenth and the eighteenth century Cercivento knew perhaps the most flourishing moment of his history: in this period the most beautiful houses were born, including the Citars, Tiridin, Morassi, Vezzi and Pitt houses. However, economic growth arrested, at least momentarily, in 1692 – the so-called year of the flood – when a huge landslide buried the village of Centa, which stood behind today’s cemetery. In the eighteenth century the current parish was built. In 1966, due to numerous and violent rains, the Farie di Checo, the forge manufacturing symbol of the country, ceased his activity. Although damaged by the earthquake of 1976, the country with the reconstruction has preserved the typical features of the splendid historic houses that, together with the thematic artistic project Cercivento … an Open-air Bible, are a source of interest for a nascent cultural-religious tourism. Secular traditions are preserved, such as the blessing of flowers at St. John or the singing of the Cantors on December 31st. Finally the enchanting landscape of the valley floor and of Mount Tenchia, where located the celebrated Pian delle Streghe.
COSTA (Castelnovo del Friuli)
In friulano Cueste (Cjastelnûf)
Villa Sulis is a 16th century manor house, located in Castelnovo del Friuli in the Costa area, badly damaged by the 1976 earthquake and returned to his former glory after being purchased and subsequently restored by the Municipal Administration. Currently it used as a cultural center and hosts exhibitions, conferences and concerts. On the top floor of the Villa there is an archaeological collection on Renaissance ceramics, made up of findings found on the municipal territory and, more precisely, in the locality of Crûz, dating back to 1500.
DOMANINS (San Giorgio della Richinvelda)
In friulano Domanins
The erliest documentary evidence proving the existence of the village of Castions dates back to 1123, when St. Paul in Levanttal abbey inherited some lands belonging to “villa Dominik” from duke Henry IV of Karnten. The Villa Spilimbergo-Spanio is a pictoresque building, originally an old fort that was turned into a palace after the XVII century. Worth noting is the family chapel dedicated to saint Eurosia, patron saint of the countryside. Many associations keep the cultural life of the town from dying out by overseeing many events such as the Festa del Donatore (Donor’s Fair) and the Sagra di San Michele Arcangelo (st Michale’s Fair).
In friulano Flaiban
The commune is placed in the middle Friuli, on the higher corner of the Friulana plain. The main waterway, the Tagliamento river, is the western border of the cmmune, and its banks are part of the Tagliamento reserve.
Various roman –time relics remain, mostly villas and storages. The name comes from the latin Flevienus, a roman citizen who settled the place right after the birth of the town of Aquileia. Many buildings all around the commune are artistically relevant and some of them still retain exemplar works from influential painters and lapicides. Villa Marangoni Masolini in San Odorico, built close to the gravelly banks of the Tagliamento, is also worth mentioning, It once was a benedictine monastery that managed the abbey and the ford, and collecteded the toll.
Gorizia lies in the point where two important ways of communication that bind the Orient and the Western parts of the world meet. These two ways are called Isonzo Valley and Vipacco Valley. The Isonzo River flows near the city of Gorizia. Gorizia faces on the isontina plain, surrounded by the Collio’s hills. These hills are famous beause of the fine wine production. The famous painter Max Klinger described Gorizia as a marvellous gateway to Italy. While walking through the town, tourists can breathe a unique atmosphere due to the peculiar meeting of several traditions.
Gorizia is the center of the most important european cultures: Latin, Slavic and Germanic that contribute to enrich the aspects of the local traditions.
MALNISIO (Montereale Valcellina)
Situated in the final part of the Pordenonese Padana plain, in between the Cellina river, the Fara and the Spia mountains, although its small dimensions, Montreale Valcellina bears old origins. Malnisio is an hamlet that belongs to Montreale, in the province of Pordenone. In Malnisio findings dating back to the Bronze Age and to the first early Iron Age were found. They concretize the fact that the human settlement has been existing since the XIV century BC. Furthermore, several findings dating back to the Imperial and late-Roman Age put under the spotlight the entire area.
In Friulian Paparian
Fraction of the municipality of Fiumicello Villa Vicentina, recognized his identity when in 1937 the first stone of the church dedicated to Maria SS Regina was blessed. The building, simple and collected, was built for the tenacity of two priests, with the money and work of the entire community of Papariano, in which, after the suppression of the small family church of Andriani, commissioned by Giuseppe II, there were no places of worship. Fiumicello, born as an agricultural village of the prosperous Roman colony of Aquileia, owes his name to the Latin word flumen and mentioned for the first time (Fiumisèl) in an act of 1174. His history is intimately linked to that of Aquileia: with it it suffers the devastating invasions of the Huns, the Visigoths, the Ostrogoths, the Avars and the Longobards; with this, Papariano sees the advent of Christianity and the establishment of patriarchal power.
In Friulian Pesincjane
Center of the southern lowland of the province, probable medieval origin, alongside the traditional agricultural activities developed the industrial fabric. Once divided into two parts, of which the northern one ruled by Austria through the capitaneo of Pordenone and the remaining belonging to the Benedictine Abbey of Santa Maria in Sylvis of Sesto al Reghena, derives the toponym, documented from the twelfth century, by the fact of be crossed by the stream called Fiume. It is quite busy for work, thanks to his production activities and especially to the industries, which allow a good absorption of manpower.
PINZANO AL TAGLIAMENTO
Pinzano al Tagliamento is located in the middle- valley of the Tagliamento River. On the western side of the town, we can find the Cosa valley, while on the north-eastern side we can see the Arzino valley. The Geographical area of Pinzano is an example of the beauty of nature that characterizes Friuli. Pinzano is mainly famous because of the bridge that offers a breathtaking view on the Tagliamento river. The bridge was destroyed by the Italians during the route after the Caporetto defeat in World War I and rebuilt after the end of the war.
Pinzano was deeply and sadly affected by the Earthquake that occurred in 1976. Following the successful renovation of the buildings and the art pieces, the commune earn the gold medal for the civil effort.
In Venetian Porcia
Charming town that has retained an almost intact historic core, with some high-interest elements, as well as an enviable natural heritage related to water. In the area, there are numerous prehistoric settlements of the Bronze Age and Iron Age, especially Santa Rufina di Palse, where it has been recently discovered a paleo Venetian village. The castle, documented since the 11th century (the oldest in the whole Friuli), since then was the residence of the Porcia and Brugnera family. Next to it sExquisite small town that managed to retain an almost perfectly preserved historical town center, Porcia has numerous interesting spots and an enviable naturalistic patrmony, mostly regarding water. There were many prehistoric settlements in the area, during the Bronze and Iron Ages, mainly Santa Rufina di Palse, where a paleo venetian village was recently discovered. The castle dates back to the XI century (the oldest in Friuli), and has ever since been the residence of the Porcia and Brugnera Houses. Theneo-gothic parish of San Giorgio (st. George) is fairly close, with an odd belltower that dates back to 1488 and was made to emulate St Mark’s but whose construction was forcedly stopped at only 44 metres. In the eastern suburbs of the town, a place called Rorai Picolo, the villa Correr-Dolfin (XVII century) can be seen, in its most notable location.tands the neo-Gothic parish church of St. George with its unique bell tower dating 1488, created as a copy of the St. Marc’s bell tower in Venice, but forcibly stopped at 44 m. In the eastern suburbs, at Rorai Piccolo, stands the spectacular Villa Correr-Dolfin (17th century), situated in a magnificent environment.
POZZUOLO DEL FRIULI
The name of the town comes from the Latin word “jutens” that refers to a well built in Pozzuolo by Julius Caesar will. Furthermore, the name of the city is bound to the heroic deeds of the warriors during the last world conflicts: the cavalry of Genoa, spearers of Novara and the epos of the mountaineers in the Russian campaign.
An important site worth noting is the historical museum of the hamlet of Cargnacco, located in the former church of Cargnacco. It preserves witnesses of the dramatic Russian campaign occurred in the World War II and hosts several types of findings regarding the military deeds, the battles, the imprisonments and the repatriation of the corpses.
POZZO (San Giorgio della Richinvelda)
Pozzo is a hamlet in the S. Giorgio della Richinvelda commune, an uncontaminated natural territory stuck between the Tagliamento river to the east and the Meduna river to the west. One of the most important places of worship in the region, the “Richinvelda” where the then patriarch Bertrando di Aquileia was murdered, is inside the commune’s borders. The Museo della Civiltà Contadina (Agricoltural Civilization museum) is in Pozzo, there a collection of old agricoltural implements is preserved. The commune is known as the “Radici del Vino” (wine’s roots) territory for the production of both grapevine and wine. Many farms and wine bars in the area offer samplings and hospitality.
Prato Carnico is the main town of the Val Pesarina (Pesarina Vale) area, and typical houses that sometimes share a resemblance with venetian palaces, since the Venetian Republic used to collect timber from the area for its shipyards, are common in both the town and the surrounding hamlets. The roofs are tiled with a unique kind of flat terracotta roof tilings shaped like the small wooden bits that are commonly used to tile roofs in the mountains, here called “las planelas”. Pesariis is the most notable village, known for the skill of its watchmakers since the XVII century. Truia is just a small hike away from Stavioli Orias, one of the most fascinating places in Val Pesarina: here, more than a dozen of ancient farmsteads that used to serve as kettle shelter are still present.
REDONA (Tramonti di Sopra)
Redona is part of the Tramonti di Sopra commune, in the Pordenone province. The place is famous because of its position, near the Tramonti Lake, also known as the Redona lake, an artificial lake in Val Tramontina. During times of drought, the ruins of the old village of Movada emerge. An incredible sight that one can behold only during the most dry and hot summers. The stone houses were floded by the Meduna stream after the completion of a dam near Ponte Racli in the early ’50s . The water completely submerged three local communities: Movada, Flour and the old town of Redona.
Romans is a commune in the eastern province of Gorizia in Friuli, located near the confluence of three rivers: Versa, Judrio and Torre. Its territory includes the hamlets of Versa and Fratta too. The first evidence of existing settlements in the area regard a particular kind of pre-historic fortification called “castelliere”. Traces of roman rural settlements have been found, but the most important historical presence in the area was longobard, as indicated by one of the biggest longobard necropoleis in northern Italy. The Civico Museo Archeologico (archeologic civic museum) in Romans and the Parco Didattico Archeologico (acheologic didactic park) about the necropolis can be visited. In May a reenactement event (Romans langobardorum) takes place in Romans. Also notable are the Fiera di Santa Elisabetta (Saint Elizabeth’s Fair) and the Sagre dal Dindiat, a fair where people compete about the weight of their giant turkeys. The Carnival in Romans is worth noting too, since it comprises a parade with carnival floats and masquerades.
SAN DANIELE del Friuli
In Friulian San Denêl
The center of San Daniele del Friuli was built upon the Colle Massimo hill that, near mount Ragogna, marks the western limit of the morainic anphitheatre the glaciers created during the Quaternary age. The city sits in a sweet landscape that stretches from delightful hills to lakes and rivers. The climate is warm all year round, and the land is fit for the ageing of the prosciutto (ham), this makes San Daniele a perfect destination for tourists. The San Michele Arcangelo (St. Michael’s) cathedral was designed by Domenico Rossi and built near the town square. The belltower , unfinished, was designed in 1531 by Giovanni da Udine. The ancient town hall is located to the right, with a porch that sits on la low arcade and a tri-mullioned window facing the square. The building is the seat of the town archive and the important Biblioteca Civica Guarneriana (Guarneriana Civic Library). The Madonna dell Fratta church is also worth a visit: it was built in 1350 in a gothic style and finished in 1469, when the stone facade was added.
SAN GIOVANNI D'ANTRO
By the name of San Giovanni d’Antro, a church and a cave can be identified. The church was built inside the cave and both the attractions are located in Pulfero, in the province of Udine. The cave opens into the Mladesiena mountain’s face. While entering the cave, two porches can be identifiend: one is bound to drain the water coming from the inner part of the cave, while the second one was built to facilitate the construction of a gallery that leads to the worship area, located in the upper part of the vaults.
Remains of jupper jaws, tooth, vertebrae, pieces of pottery belonging to the pre-romanic and romanic ages and mettallic pieces belonging to the Medieval Age were found inside the cave.
The place of worship is composed by a church, a chapel, a presbytery, a sacristy and a loggia.
In German Zahre, in Friulian Sauris
According to a legendary tale Sauris founded long ago by two German soldiers who, fleeing the war, hid in the territory on which the current town stands. According to historical data, the first residential nucleus would have been created in the XIII century following the immigration from some valley of nearby Austria. A significant importance in the history of Sauris covered by the construction of the Val Lumiei hydroelectric plant and his dam, between 1941 and 1948. The artificial lake submerged the town of La Maina, of which the ruins remain under water. In Sauris one speaks again, next to the Italian and the Friulian, an ancient and fascinating language, a German dialect belonging to the linguistic group of the southern Bavarian. The Sauran language (de zahrar sproche) has been affected by contact with neighboring populations over time, but still retains many archaic traits derived from German spoken in the thirteenth century (mittelhochdeutsch). Sauirs is a center rich in cultural and gastronomic traditions of great quality, with a top-order tourist proposal, to which the new structure of the Sports Center has recently been added.
In Friulian Spilinberc
The small town near Pordenone was made of capital importance in the music scene by the presence of Folkest, but was also the birthplace of neo-realist photography and the famous mosaic school, where new talents are born every year. The town and many of the hamlets are dotted with monuments. The catheral, a rare example of gothic architecture from Friuli, is rich in both paintings and sculptures, and the nearby castle that belonged to the dukes of Spilimbergo deserves adequate attention too, as Corso Roma does: a boulevard that runs through the ancient gate of the castle walls with its two towers. The San Giovanni Battista church and its realistic crucifiction scenes, the San Giuseppe and San Pantaleone churches, the San Antonio Abate church in Barbeno, the parish in Tauriano with St Cristopher painted on the facade, the parish in Baseglia with frescos by Amalteo and the sculptures by Pilacorte in the Gaio church make Spilimbergo une of the artistically richest communes in Friuli. Heavily industrialized after World War Two,it is now the reference point for a wide area on the right bank of the Tagliamento.
In Friulian Travês
The modern day Travesio commune is made up by two distinct entities, once separated and with different histories: Travesio and Toppo. The area of Travesio is famous for the production of a fine cheese called Montsio. Both textile and cement factories are important and offer substancial future economic possibilities. In ancient times, Pieve di San Pietro (St Peter’s parish), one of the biggest of the whole Concordia diocese , stretched its spiritual jurisdiction from the Tagliamento to the Meduna river, and from the mountains to the parish of San Giorgio della Richinvelda (st. George). The activiry of this church kickstarted all the others in the area, the one in Spilimbergo too, that managed to restore its spiritual legacy centuries later.
In Friulian Udin
Historically the capital city of Friuli, Udine offers to Folkest one of its best frames: the patriarchal castle where the Hall of the Friuli Parliament (probabliy one of the first proofs of democratc life in Europe) is still preserved and adorned by one of the most famous Tiepolo paintings. The church of St Mary (VII century) and the Casa della Contadinanza (peasants’ hall), a 1931 reconstitution of a XV century bulding where the peasants held meetings, where both built on the same hill as the castle was.
The place that used to be called called Piazza San Giacomo (St Jack’s Square) or Piazza delle Erbe (Herb’s Square) , now called Piazza Giacomo Matteotti , was a trading hub of pivetal importance to the townsfolk, and in recent times underwent a meticulous renovation both of the paving and the fountain by Giovanni da Udine. In Udine, many works of interest by Tiepolo can be found, from the Palazzo Partiarcale (Patriarch’s Palace) to the Cappella della Purità (Chapel of Purity). The beautiful Piazza Libertà (Liberty Square), together with the fifteenth century Loggia del Lionello, the sixteenth century Loggia di San Giovanni and the Belltower by Giovanni da Udine is thought to be one of the most iconic examples of venetian architecture right after San Marco in Venice. The building of Santa Maria Annunziata cathedral, residence of the last patriarchs from Aquileia, started in 1236 where another place of warship already was, and was decoreted with altarpieces and frescos by Gian Battista Tiepolo.
In Friulian Çumpite – Reane
The municipality overlooks the Carnic and Giulie Pre-Alps bordered by the Torre river to the east, and consists of eight inhabited nuclei: Reana, Qualso, Zompitta, Cortale, Vergnacco, Valle, Remugnano (municipal seat), Ribis, Rizzolo. The hamlet of Zompitta mentioned for the first time in documents in 1278. Its name probably derives from the Slavic čop (bush) and from the Friulian diminutive suffix -ite. Interesting monuments of the village are the Parish Church and the votive church of Sant’Agnese, which stands in a rural setting. Particularly noteworthy are the Rosta Ferracina, reinforcement of the bank of the Torre river dating back to the time of the Venetian domination, and the water intake of the Rogge of Udine and Palma. A visit to the stable meadows of Sant’Agnese for his botanical variety is recommended from a scenic and naturalistic point of view.
Consigliabile dal punto di vista paesaggistico e naturalistico una visita ai prati stabili di Sant’Agnese per la varietà botanica.
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